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The Weather

https://sammiscribbles.wordpress.com/2020/03/14/weekend-writing-prompt-148-somnambulist/

It’s been snowing, sleeting, dropping white grains and blowing with guts of wind at 17 m/sec all day; besides it is minus 7 degrees now. So there’s too much dirty white porridge on the roads. So, I haven’t used my car today as it might be icy on the motorway. 

And tomorrow, they forecast plus 6. 

What weather!!!

I am now in my cosy armchair, turning on BBC Two to listen to The Somnambulist after all. 




IRINI, 15.03.2020. Written for Weekend Writing Prompt #148
78 words

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PERPLEXED

Weekend Writing Prompt #147 – Perplex

One day in Rotherham I met up with a friend of mine, and we went on a trip to Hull.

On a half-way driving I wanted to pee. We’d parked at McDonald’s. To my perplexity, my friend told me to buy a coffee that I would be impeccable in using the restaurant’s loo. But I used the toilet with no drink.

The minute I confessed to the misconduct my friend turned his car round and drove me back to the hotel.

He’s since stopped connecting with me.

I’m still perplexed.

Written by Irini Indjibeli for Weekend writing Prompt PERPLEX – 147

90 words.

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Wildlife in British Gardens

I’m posting my observation on an article A year of British garden wildlife By Stephanie West and Lisa Hendry 
First published 21 July 2017. The original article is here:

The purpose of this sort of retelling is practising writing blogging skills. 

/The photographs were taken earlier today in my garden, Moscow region. There are no insects seen in them because it is too early days yet to look for any small creatures here in Moscow suburbia. But some plants like these sorts of lichens are worth to be shown since UK species include somewhat similar to those in my garden. / 

……………………Wildlife in British Gardens………………… 

Some of the UK residents might not get any inkling of their own gardens being shelters and food for British Wildlife in years. Firstly, it’s needless to say that some private estates, including gardens, back yards, houses and their roof tiles and walls, host lichens which are tolerant with pollution and, therefore, can also be found in urban areas. For a prime example, let us take British Xanthonia Parentina, an excellent combination of fungus and algae. It’s a real friendly relationship in which the fungal body manufactures a construction the alga grows on along. Sunlight fosters alga in processing photosynthesis for making essential nutrients. These elements feed both partners. It is fascinating that fungal body is involved in a symbiont. At the same time, not only does one single type of algae live on the fungal body but also some different sorts of this kind can be found on it and be involved in paring. 

Now, let us regard some flying visitors of UK parks and gardens. Some gardeners have ponds which certainly give water-dependent species sheer chance to live in the depths of winter since water is a proved temperature buffer. To illustrate, take the Southern Hawker Dragonyfly larvae. They have an astonishingly beautiful metallic clad-like appearance. Their look is way too profoundly astounding that some filmmakers use their image in sci-fi movies as they have a mechanism for catching the prey by shooting out a mask under their head enables them to pull the prey back to the jawbones. The larvae usually appear in February in the UK. 

For someone keen of on photography, who’s patient enough to bide their time, March can introduce an early visitor –– Hairy-footed Flower Bee –– to the southern and central Britain and the Wales’ residents. March is the time the gardeners decorate their estates with various of flowers the hairy-footed flower bee is fond of very much. Their hairy legs drive a clear resemblance with the bumblebee. However, an exceptional property to distinct them from the latter is that females and males have little likeness between each other. “Ladies” have possessed a black fur coat all over their body and the same “hoody” of this kind, whereas “gentlemen” wear light brown or grey hairs and dark tail. At last, cream markings on their face will completely convince a happy beholder of recognising the hairy footed flower bee of male sex. 

At long last, April, the second month of spring, awakes the Large Bee-Fly. It pays lots of visits to England parks and gardens showing off about their look. Photographers often take nice shots of these endearing flies. The large bee-fly is identifiable by its oval body with long ginger hairs all over and patterned black and grey design on its transparent wings. As bee-flies do a lot about flowers they are thought to be extremely important in pollination. However, they are arguably considered ‘a parasitoid of bees’[ the phrase has been cited the original article] for flicking their eggs into the bees’ burrow. So, when in the bee’s nest they eat the bee’s larvae. 

For almost five months from May till September British gardens are the most attractive places to the Two Thick Legged Flower Beetle whose manifestation rather reminds the entrance of a royal general wearing an emerald colour suit complemented with a brilliant pair of posh jodhpurs. These species are greatly appreciated for their importance in pollination. 

On a quite rare occasion, the gardener might be lucky to tick a fancy visitor, what exactly the Elephant Hawk Moth is, in their ‘attendance book’. What a smashing creature it is! This insect is of a common UK moth. Its stunning attire, possibly the envy of many fashion people, looks like a very fancy furry coat all over the body. The colour is a combination of pink and yellow hues. They’re not frequent visitors though. 

In the depths of summer other flying ‘sightseers’ can be observed in British gardens. One of them is the Hornet Hover fly. The middle name was given to the species for its ability to hover above the ground which by fact are not benign as real hornets are. Its larvae cosy down in the nests of social wasps and live off the detritus at the bottom of the hive. 

In the early autumn gardeners are preparing for conquering plant eaters like the Picture-Winged Fly. It seems that its wings, conjuring up although arguably as unique and striking as an image of stained-glass windows , will never win the gardener over but , perhaps, mesmerise the observer. Gorgeous! 

I’ll venture a guess that not everyone is of a spider animal either, especially in the span of august, neither am I. Notwithstanding, some must admire a fairly elegant appearance of some animals of this family. For instance, let me give at least a once-over to the garden orb-weaver spider if that would count for some reasons, but not for me for all the tea in China. It remarkably differs from ones of this class by having got colourful markings all over its body. They sometimes extremely tragically end their life claimed by females which suffer from starvation after mating. Their colourful markings vary dramatically from dark brown to sandy orange or even a pale yellow-greenish. 

They are living off the lots of large flying insects such as flies, wasps even poor butterflies. 

In October everyone wants to cosy onto their chairs and watch TV or listen to their favourite musical bands. But something can dramatically spoil a lovely evening if you forgot to close the door to the garden. Of all British garden visitors, the Pseudo Scorpion appears quite spooky. It can perfectly mimic a real scorpion. Since few have ever heard of the existence of a false kind, many reckon this species is deadly dangerous if it bites. Although frightening in exterior, they, however, can be profoundly beneficial for gardens as they feed on uninvited small beetles, moth larvae, young woodlice, carpet beetles etc. And what’s more, they yet lack a scorpion sting. 

What’s not been mentioned before is moss Mnium Hornium a species that thrives on plain soil, tree’s barks, roof tiles and other human made objects. Not only can it live in any conditions but also it must be a welcoming shelter for many small insects during winter. 

Lastly, what’s there in UK gardens and parks in December? Someone, still remembering hard times living without central heating, certainly keeps log piles in the back yard. These piles are certain to safe the lives of species like the Stone Centipede. They usually have a flat brightly brown body with several pairs of legs, an antenna, and some tails rather looking like hind legs that are used for feeling around, so is the antenna for. There could be numerous of such species if it comes to check out under-and-between the logs in December. 

This abstract is of an interpretation of mine upon the article A year of British garden wildlife By Stephanie West and Lisa Hendry 
First published 21 July 2017 
Last updated 11 December 2019

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The River

The river meandered around the village and reflected every bit of life in its waters, slow and calm. Just now and then a couple of monarch butterflies made some rounds a day across the river and back to the trees with lichens growing on their branches. Sometimes, it seemed that civilisation had been lost in this area pending a jet occasionally broke the silence of the surroundings.

The photo by Sue Vincent

It was a nicely peaceful and sunny day, but quite chilly and it was early days yet for the southern hawker dragonfly to emerge out from their larvae that were drifting calmly on the water-mirror surface near the shore. Three adult ducks floated by down the river current. It was nice to eye them ably duck into water for fish. 

I thought it was time I took off my clothes and had some ablutions in fresh cold water. These days I’d got a fancy to a healthy lifestyle.

Each time bathing like this brought me a new taste of life and lots of energy…

For Thursday Photo Prompt- Still # WritePhoto by Sue Vincent

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METAMORPHOSE

#writephotoprompt


I was running up hill and down dale crying away out of frustration. In my office, I shouldn’t have been told like that! Salty tears of sadness were rolling down my cheeks. The merciless high grass wound round my feet slowing down my strides. I didn’t notice it was getting darker as the clouds were moving very quickly. I was almost near the hill and stopped to take a breath, but air was too stifling. My right ankle felt a strange hot at one side. I sat on the grass as I wanted to rub the itching spot but an odd thing happened with my vision. I had just lost the sight – I couldn’t see anything around. To top of this, my ears had been blocked as if I were on a plane taking off. When I got to my feet I experienced one more unpleasant feeling to that of my “blindness”. It was as if my feet rooted into the ground giving me no chance to move. Unexpectedly, my ears registered a barely audible sound somewhere underground just straight below my feet. Gradually but with a steady growth in decibels and speed it was reaching the surface of earth and deep down pierced my feet and went up through the veins to the top of my head. All this was getting along with a horrible infra low sound. Unhoped, I thought my body was going apart. But at that exact instant a deafening thunder hit the earth and a series of lightings lit the sky. My eyes began to discern something in the dark. But what I could see next took me aback. On top of the hill was an enormous mammoth which stood, the right side towards me, slapping itself with the ears. I spotted its right ear was very short (maybe, damaged in fight). The beast lifted its trumpet towards the sky, and such horrible was a peal mingled with a sort of metal noise that it seemed to be the last day of all creatures on the earth. I wanted to cry for help but no sound came out from my mouth. This time a torrential downpour hit the earth and me. It was a matter of seconds to make me wet fully, but eventually released me from being motionless. It hadn’t been too long before the rain stopped and sky cleared up. The sun came out from a solely cloud. The mammoth had bowed towards the ground putting each of his knees on it. Then, it thrusted his trumpet into something seemed to be a hole. It was quite a shock for me when the end part of the trumpet propped up from the soil one metre to my feet and lay still, morphing into a path. I looked up and saw a massive stone building atop the hill. It looked monumental and was arresting attention by its immovability.


By that moment I had already forgotten about the incident in my office I should leave frustrated; I therefore stepped on the trumpet-path  and headed for the top to meet the unknown….

For Sue Vincent’s  WritePhoto Prompt Challenge    

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APPROACHES TO STUDYING HAVE NOW LOOKED ORGANISED.

The photo has been retrieved from the website Learning Scientists”

Today’s teachers and students are looking for practical methods which could help them arrange effective and motivative teaching and studying respectively. Although, there are lots of offers on the Internet, few may live up to what they are expected, except for one. With this in mind, I am going to give the reader some reasons of why they should stop by the “six strategies for effective learning” the website ‘Learning Scientists’ has in store.  


Menu

Trivial as it might be, the first reason is a well-structured interface and easy going navigation. The menu offers the reader 18 departments, here include references to the blog categories 

That not to go away from the main stream, I won’t describe all rubrics in the menu but rather stop by the most essential one, in terms of practising, namely “Learning Scientists Posts in the Blog categories. There you will find a second reason that could inform your choice. 


 Here you go with:

Six Strategies by Weinstein,Y., & Megan Sumeracki, M.A. (2019) 

The body of scientists introduce six schemes for effective studying and digesting learning materials. They come up with an idea of structuring each tactic using comprehendible prescriptive texts, and descriptive images, drawings,  infographics, cartoon strips, diagrams etc. All references to the strategies are reached on the following link.
What is remarkable about these strategies is, in the first place, that they are not something out of the row or innovative. On the contrary, we somehow use all of them while learning something, but what we miss out is an utmost importance of organising them in a consistent system.  What are they called? Here we go with Spaced Practice,  Retrieval Practice, Elaboration Practice, Interleaving Practice, Concrete Examples and Dual Coding.Secondly, these practices are equally suitable for both teachers and students, no matter students are taught in groups or individually. Each practice is accompanied by visuals and instructions. The site has a number of materials for free downloading with colour or black-white options to be printed out.

Recommendations

In my judgement, these schemes are suitable for students of all age and level frames, therefore, they are worth to be paid attention. Teachers, in turn, can use the strategies in class by given students appropriate tasks. I decided to share this because I thought it might be useful. 

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A Shallow Musing at Leisure.



Hello, peers. I feel I ought to bring up another small matter.

Beauty.

One aspect of our life has been causing discussions in years, whether beauty is only about appearance, when we relate it to people, or a complex of various positive virtues. It often resumes that judging a book by its cover can end up in frustration for the incompatibility of appearance with the plot. Many people take the subject in general avoiding narrowing it to an outer look, while others handle beauty as an object of satisfaction.

I am swayed that beauty is one of the names of love; love in turn is an unflinching set of feelings which are able to harmonise everything around us. With this, I would not insist on necessitating both components, the outer and inner beauties, to be found in one individual. Given that, handsomeness in men plays less of an important role than women’s seductiveness for a cue of communicating. To those who do not agree with me, may I won’t get upset? Speaking from my own experience, I would be pleased by affectionate words, caring attitude, handsome voice, an exquisite body language and the last but not the least –– a magic glint emanating from eyes. Beauty is what everyone assesses through the prism of their own perceptions at the psych-physical pitch. 

On the other hand, some are convinced that perception of beauty is mostly obtained from received information coming from the person’s appearance, through the eyes and olfaction receptors first thing, and further via other parts of physical and mental bodies. The odds are, such assertions can be based on a widespread cast that allegedly all men start assessing female counterparts with examining their appearance.

Do women validate themselves and others like that? Now, on second thought, I reckon that’s true because people usually percept most of the essential information about many things with their eyes first (except, unfortunately, those who cannot see). I would share this point. Why not be the object for someone’s eye-and-heart-pleasing?

Resuming the foregoing, I’d rather give a verdict that beauty is such a factum that brings a beholder a mental, aesthetic and physical sense of satisfaction and/or, if you like, rejoicing and happiness. 

How does beauty affect you? 

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Which to Bet On: Quality or Quantity?

 

Following up the subject upon the energy costs and calories, I thought it might be of use to speculate on this topic again but a tad under another angle. Have you ever mused about what types of calories you eat every day? Have you actually known that there exist several kinds of them? I have to recognise that It wasn’t until I read a science article yesterday that I was actually aware of it for certain.  

In her earlier abstract “Making sure you get the right type of calorie” in 2018, Health editor Michell Roberts verbatim appealed to her readers that they’d better rely more on the quality of calories rather than on their quantity. It doesn’t go against the grain for a popularly accepted fact that excessive calories may set on obesity if not cut on; there is no point, however, in simple counting the calories to reduce them to norm. In this regard, it pays to categorise calories into six types the special features of which are nudged to give the calories special names. 

Namely, they are:

• High calories 

• Low calories 
• Zero calories 

• Empty calories 

• Hidden calories

• Dining out calories 

Given that, I wonder, what a sublime degree of diffidence you would try to choose food with for your staple healthy diet using this information. At the first glance, this list of categories had seemed to be very confusing and plain until I went through the whole article just to understand how to square the notion of “quality calories” with this list. 

The idea of characterising some types of calories as “quality” belongs to the British Nutrition Foundation. Seemingly, what is it for?

 It turns out that nuts can be handled as containing as high calories as can be chocolate digestives, but the latter are not nutritious. So, a handful of nuts a day, if high caloric, is more preferable than biscuits. 

 To the same token, take a leaf out of my book, I never drink a low calorie beer nor do I drink sugary fizzy drinks which belong in the category of “Zero calories”, because they are not nutritious. Instead, I prefer to have a big mug of hot drink of mixed berries poured with boiled water with adding a spoon of honey to the mix, if high caloric. My drink has class of quality. 

Sugar, alcohol, sugary breakfast cereals, pastries are not nutritious. They contain lots but “empty calories”, so may get you ill. It’s preferable to top breakfast cereals or porridge with fruit or berries and natural mead to start a healthy day. To avoid running risks of facing “hidden calories” it would be worth refraining themselves from a pot of low-fat-fruit yogurt because it doesn’t do what it says on the tin. A plain yogurt topped with berries and honey is much better and healthier.

I noticed when in a café, people order coffee drinks with sweet ingredients like caramel, vanilla syrup etc. It certainly doubles a total amount of calories in a drink itself even if milk in this coffee drink is semi-skimmed. Thus, these extra calories might be called “dining calories” when we eat in restaurants and cannot track properly the amount and quality of calories consumed in excess.        

In conclusion, let us be going against the grain for fizzy and alcohol drink manufactures and choose the right staple diet as healthy as we can afford. The healthy diet, according to Public Health England and my own experience, should include a lot of fruit and vegies, some dairy unless you’re tolerate lactose, fish and some meat or chicken, or turkey unless you be a vegan, wholegrain bread, rice and some starchy food.


What is your staple diet for a day?
 


The reference:   https://www.bbc.com/news/health-45549259

Thank you for reading my blog.

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What We Are Looking For Is Not In The Tin

This photograph has been taken by me last week in a supermarket.

I am often too sceptical about the messages on the food labels. What figures of content should inform my choice? There is the so called ‘big four’ of components that are vitally important for human health depending on their amount in food we eat. They are energy, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

Speaking from my own make out of reading food-content inscriptions, I am sometimes appalled by a certain lack of information in a label. It seems that the manufacturers deliberately mask something essential by dint of confusing people by using special terms. Let’s have a close look, for instance, at the inscription on a pack of blackberry nectar. It says: 

  1. Content: blackberry mash, sugar, water. (* But, in what proportion each ingredient is there, it is an open question). 
  2. Nutritional information for 100 g: carbs < 12.0 g (* How much exactly, please? Which kind of carbs? Are they pure sugar or with some starchy components, or whatever?).
  3. Energy for 100g: 48 Kcal, (  = 200 KJs)  ( But, what exactly should I gain on? There is another measurement as calories too. How to calculate it relatively to the norm?) 

    That’s all about figures in this short message from the manufacturer. Hmm. Doesn’t blackberry comprise proteins? Why are there not any words about the amount of water accruing to the fruit mash. What kind of water is it?

It is not deniable that food companies have to bring in the information about content by labelling their produce. So, labels literally hit the shelves of any supermarket. However, it is not as ‘no-brainer’ for an average individual to decipher the information given. In the first place, there is no common tradition in symbolising terms in different countries even among those of united by the EU. As I have mentioned before, one label shows a single figure of energy in Kilojoules, another one pictures it in Kilocalories and the others feature it simply in Calories.

 One more question arises when it comes to “pursuing” the product over its fattiness. It is of the utmost importance that adults should consume less saturated fat. Unfortunately, labels do not differentiate the figure of fat content at all. To exemplify my arguments, packed yogurt may have as 2.5 g as well as 4.0 g of fat. Nobody can say what kind of fat it is. The buyer is likely to avoid 4.0 g fatty yogurt in preference to the 2.5 g fatty item, because they do not know about whether this fat consists of poly-saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, which in reasonable amounts are salubrious for health, or saturated fat which is heavy. 

The same problem goes along with salt. This name must not be taken in vain. Salt is everywhere! Thus, how dare they spell it sodium! We do not know what it is. The term ‘sodium’ hits almost all EU- imported-food labels. I am willing to sniffle as it doesn’t flow nicely to an average ear. Moreover, as it has turned out, sodium is not the same as salt, to be honest. To get the amount of salt, we must multiply the figure of sodium by 2.5. E.g. 6 g of salt is equivalent to 2.4 g of sodium.

In my judgment, food companies and their distributers are in a very tight connection in terms of how to buy the consumer in. On this account, one thing I would recommend is do some search for terms and types of measurement before going to the supermarket. Also, the calculator of a smartphone would be in handy on the spot. To those of having got no device for counting, do not hesitate asking a shop assistant to take troubles to help you. 

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Do We Miss Out Anything Concerned Sleep?

This Photo screen was retrieved from Google search in pictures.


Do We Miss Out Anything Concerned Sleep?

For several decades many discussions have been constantly recurring around sleep. Agree, you hear of sleep problems everywhere, don’t you?

There are even sleep science institutions in the world. Some scientists are looking for evidence to confirm that sleep is needed not only for contributing to fostering good memory but also for cleaning the brain from toxic proteins that can kill brain cells. 

I’ve read a very interesting article on this topic. It tells that our brain has glymphatic clearance pathway that functions as waste clearance pathway. Wait a bit, I’ll explain it as easy as I can all in order. 

‘Glymphatic’ is a new medical term coined by researcher Dr Maiken Needergaard. It associates with the term ‘glial’, ‘glial cells’ in particular. Another source, The Free Library by Farlex, says that glial cells used to be only considered “caretakers” of the grey matter as they count almost ninety percent of brain tissue. Now researchers have found out that the function of glial cells is much wider than protecting neurons (nerve cells). Using advanced technologies (high tech microsopes), they monitored the mice brain’s function and discovered that glial cells could flush out ‘debris’ from the brain. This work of cells was especially well spotted when mice were asleep. 

So, I went on searching the info because it was impossible to make head nor tail of the process for an inexperienced average individual like me. As a matter of fact, neurologists, experimenting on mice, marked the details of cells behaviour. Glial cells shrunk during sleep. Thus the interstitial space of the brain tissue increased and like a pump collected the brain fluid in it. When the fluid filled the additional ‘gaps’, it carried toxic matters away. Besides, this output system, as noticed, worked more actively at the sleep-time rather than while awake. Researchers came to a conclusion that washing away toxins is perhaps conflicting with processing information. This is how I understood the process of cleaning the brain.

On the other hand, there haven’t been carried out any decent experiments on humans up today. 

As the footnote, we have different types of cells in the brain including glial ones that deliver nutrients to the brain. 
What are the toxins? Toxins are products of metabolism. 
How do they come out of the body? They go to the spine system, then to the lymphatic system, then to the kidneys, liver and the main gut system and biliary tracts. 
Some toxins leave the body throughout the skin and prana.

Accumulating toxic proteins can lead to the toxic shock.  
If we don’t sleep for 7 days we can die because the clearance system will’ve been broken.

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BE vs GET

BE KIDNAPPED vs GET KIDNAPPED
Problem Stated 
I have recently been reasoning with a native speaker on whether we should apply the verb BE instead of GET in combination with the word KIDNAPPED. My opponent asserts that the phrase GET KIDNAPPED is the better option, whereas I claim that the phrase BE KIDNAPPED is suitable to both writing and speech and can be employed in written official reports and documents.



Which Phraseological Locution Is More Favourable
 

It is obvious that both phrases have the same meaning. However, in my judgment, there is a difference deep down between them, to wit: the verb GET is handled as an informal verb that is no longer acceptable in academic and official pieces of writing and mostly used in spoken phraseological locutions as well as in specific informal situations. Meanwhile, the verb BE in this context is fairly favourable. To support my viewpoint, I will give a couple example sentences that I found on the certain official internet resources, with the following references where the verb BE + KIDNAPPED is used. First example is introduced by   https://nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk/what-we-do/crime-threats/kidnap-and-extortion and reads as follows: 

“The twenty four year old daughter of a wealthy industrialist is kidnapped and their family is instructed not to contact the police but to pay £8 million for her release.”

One more example, I have found in The Guardian, reads as follows: “In April 1986, Jennifer Guinness, the wife of banker and member of the Guinness brewing family John Guinness, was kidnapped by a gang that demanded a ransom of £2m.” ( https://www.theguardian.com/news/2019/jan/25/business-of-kidnapping-inside-the-secret-world-of-hostage-negotiation-ransom-insurance )


Opposing opinion.  On the contrary, the opinion regarding the colloquialism’s importance has become common nowadays as some language teachers consider, so does my interlocutor of the opposed side. According to them, the reason of it is that the formal English is boring and does not give a living idea. 

I completely disagree with this statement, because formal English is perfectly structured in terms of Grammar, whereas a street language can damage the notion of standard English. Having followed certain references sent me by my opponent, I found out that one of those websites was angled at low-low class audience. For example, not only does the headline of an article comprise the phrase GET KIDNAPPED, but also this introduces slangs, F-words and other vulgar expressions.  https://www.edmtunes.com/2019/06/electric-forest-cult/

The other references to a particular phrase whit GET instead of BE have shown the results coming from non-authentic English sources which makes it impossible to regard the examples as authentic. https://www.google.com/search?q=%22get+kidnapped%22&client=firefox-b-d&source=lnms&tbm=nws&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi75KXOk7bjAhUZhlwKHTaYCesQ_AUIEigD&biw=1680&bih=662


Succinct Summary 
All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that the phrase BE KIDNAPPED goes along with both conversation and writing styles and must be compared favourably with the expression GET KIDNAPPED. The expression BE KIDNAPPED is authorised to be used in official documents unlike to its informal synonym GET KIDNAPPED. 

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How to Drink?

Photo by Me while in Rotherham, 2017

It made me tremble at the first moment I started to read a The Guardian journalist’s opus right over the tea-time. The article yields some information about tea consumption and possible ways of how it can badly affect health. Haven’t you begun to shiver yet? 

The article starts with a reference to an American woman’s case. That woman had lost all her teeth and “developed brittle bones” for the tremendous amount of tea-tipple a day she regularly drank. I might nearly have chocked on my tea at this info. What amount of tea were you supposed to drink to get such a fragile skeleton? If I ever dreamt her toothless mouth, I would die at its black gaping hole. The article says that the poor lady used amuck 150 teabags a day !!! That makes up 12 cups of tea a day. 12 bags in a cup?  What so strong for? She must be a tea animal, mustn’t she? 
Another fear which the article treats is high risks to get prostate cancer if men drink over 70-degree-Celsius-hot tea, plus the cancer of the tube that takes food from the mouth to the stomach. Sorry, I cannot believe 70 degrees Celsius of something in my mouth. If so, I’m anticipating my tongue steaming and swelling. But wait, here the the article backs out and soothes the reader saying that it can take a hot-tea keener a good three decades to develop such bad conditions. So enjoy your hot tipples as long as you can if you are able to. Sorry for being sarcastic. 

That’s not all, just a bit of education for the right glimpse at health. It’s common knowledge that black tea contains antioxidants which is good to digest food. But If you like green tea, don’t count on it too much since it has more less polyphenols to “dunk digestives into” than black tea, as the journalist suggests. Incidentally, under the term “digestives” he meant something that needs digesting in your stomach, e.g. croissants. Don’t you fancy for dunking a stale croissant into your cuppa?

To make matters worse, it says that black tea contains fluoride. To give a prime example, there is 9mg of fluoride in a litre of black tea. An excessive amount of it can bring on a breakable skeleton, here include teeth. Guess what I’m getting at. Yes, that unluckiest woman with no teeth and extremely breakable bones for the excessive 150 teabags a day.

To resume, what my takeaway is from this article is you might lose your teeth and gain tangible bones in case of an uncontrollable intake of tea per day, maybe a gallon ( not a canister indeed, but still too much), especially a black grade, even though you are enjoying the horrible taste of a strong tipple.

Can’t you hear my cry?  I’m desperate for giving you advice. Make some tweaks to your daily intake! Drink less than a gallon a day, give a tipple some time to get it cooler than 70 degrees. Take the leaf out of British people’s book as to melding black tea with milk. It will help neutralise fluoride in your cuppa I venture a guess. What’s else? Ah, ONE teabag for a cup will only do.

Take care, enjoy your white tea. 

If you notice some typos, please let  me know. 

 

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Paper Textbooks vs Ebooks


Last night I had a discussion 👥with a sixteen year old girl 👩about advantages and disadvantages of digital textbooks💻. Am I too old to argue against electronic versions? 🧐My little friend is convinced that the way of studying on paper tutorials is obsolete. 
Penny for your thoughts. 

Today, some people state that printed books will soon disappear stepping aside in favour of their digital counterparts, while others disagree.

👍I am convinced that, notwithstanding the fact of rising popularity of electronic materials, this replacement will never become complete. In the first place, paper text books are still in high demand especially among students of all ages. For example, learners like to make either remarks or notes on their book’s pages, which points to the fact of preferences for reading paper tutorials. Secondly, it is common knowledge that screens of electronic devices may affect eyesight🤓; therefore, people can lose their vision either partially or totally if they use digital books in excess. One more point to signify the need for paper schoolbooks is that both theory and pertinent exercises to practise are right on its pages, which is more convenient than working a PDF version separately from the screen.

👎On the contrary, some opponents of my opinion claim that printed textbooks are heavy to carry while on the way to and from schools. They argue that electronic devices come in very handy for studying subjects. 

🤝Although it is NOT going against the grain to use electronic books for me, I cannot yet share this viewpoint, because there is always the way-out of not bringing heavy books to the place where you study in, since all institutions host libraries with necessary materials.

✅Taking into account all mentioned above, I believe that development of new technologies is unable to sustain the full replacement of paper tutorials with electronic ones due to the otherwise requests.

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To Talk About Junk Food

Disgusting Western Hamburger

I’ve just had a talk with a friend of mine about the matter of the junk food’s impact on mental health. In discussion we based on a The Guardian’s article that presented the information about a recent research on this issue. Studies conducted by the Centre for Mental Health thinktank induced a conclusion that there had been a link between junk food and anxiety therefore depression that one in six adults in the UK today goes through . They were guided by the analysis of general knowledge that lack of nutrients in processed food along with deficiencies of fatty acids in it may provoke SYSTEMIC inflammation. Some researchers came up with an argument for the sake of calling for the doctors of general practice’s routine to prescribe diets rich in fish fatty acids, vegetables and fruit for any patients with mental problems.
They explained that molecules of poor inflammatory diet could penetrate into the brain and damage molecules responsible for mood changes and regulations. 

We are told time without number not to overdo it with the consumption of fastfood. Nonetheless, MсDonald’s, KFCs, BurgerKings and others drum up customers of all ages, by any costs. 

I’m not keen on fast food at all, but sometimes, or even on a rare occasion, nip in a McCafe for a drink ( coffee or tea) and an apple cake will do for a busy day. I see how many teens, children and their grown-ups are happy to have breakfasts and lunches in such restaurants. Can’t the adults understand their offspring runs the risk of obtaining obesity by eating hamburgers and chips fried on carcinogen oil can result in untreatable diseases? One of my little pupil answered the question “What’s you favouring food?”. It was chips, hamburgers, sandwiches, sweets, ice cream , and other junk food. Besides, milk, yogurt, juices, fruit, boiled vegetables, porridge and other homemade meals were in the list of less desirable items. And it’s no wonder, because even a children student book like that of either “Spotlight” or “Starlight’ promotes this harmful eat by illustrating almost all pages. Isn’t it an obtrusion to form a dominant image in the vulnerable children brain? Who cares about horrendous negative consequences in worsening the health? 

I wish if someone would openly admit that their often visiting to junk-food- restaurants brought an onset on their mental health, for the sake of holding other people from contributing their money into McD’s and such businesses.

The photo was retrieved from this site

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Add It To Your Vocabulary

Although my gut feeling told me that those moments would never recur, I still dream of them.

I’ve known the idiom “A golden opportunity” – It’s both a unique and a wonderful opportunity that may never recur

The verb recur is handled as C2 level of vocabulary. 
Synonyms: 
persist
reappear
iterate
recrudesce
reiterate
repeat
return
revert etc……

The image was taken as a screenshot from the website of CED
The screenshot was taken from the website of Collins Dictionary

The screenshots were taken from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/recur
and https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/recur

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YARN vs A YARN

YARN vs A YARN

One of my pupils has recently been concerned about the meaning of the word YARN in a phrase she came across in her little children book. The phrase is:

🐒

 A kitten played with a ball of yarn.

🏐

  

In this sentence we understand that YARN is of the THREAD our grandmothers make knitting clothes of. This thread can be made either of natural wool or silk, or synthetic, or acrylic, or all sorts of stuff. And, this noun is uncountable. 

However there’s one more definition for YARN to wit A STORY but very long and told with excitement or glaring interest as if it were a long thread of wool that no one but this narrator could get it untangled. 

📖

 When I was a child I was fond of writing stories. My friends were so curious about getting to know of what new I would be telling them. It would happen so often that I had soon become an old hand at spinning a good yarn for their amusement.

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Phrase Hunter

Prologue

My journey started at Sheremetyevo Airport on October 23rd. It was in the early morning at five o’clock. I was lucky as there were little passengers on board aircraft, I thereby occupied all three seats and relaxed. As everybody embarked on the plane it started its movement and soon gave a great roar of the engine. By this token the passengers might have assumed the plane had been taking its usual height. My ears were stunned for a while. After some time had passed by a steward and a stewardess offered free tea, coffee and juice. I found a steward a bit ridiculous for his manner of cajoling. It would take me at fits of a soundless laughter every time he approached anyone’s seat. He bent over a passenger looking straight into their eyes, his lips extended forward as if he wanted to kiss a passenger “Would you like … and finishing with a long sound of eeeee, his wide smile from ear to ear, at the end of a question “Shall I offer you some te-e-e-ea?”.

Some days later in the hotel

Rawmarsh

Before getting the sock on, it was about time I’d told you about first Yorkshire phrases a man in a street of Rotherham penned down to paper in my sketch book on the first day of my staying in Rotherham. Were it not for his translation into English, I would never have an idea of the meaning.

 So here you go: 

1. Ows tha doin? 
Translation: How are you doing
Well the first one is quite easy to understand. But the second.., I bet you couldn’t get it even through the spelling. 
2. Sithee ‘ere wors sup? 
The translation: Hey here what’s the matter? 
I asked Nick ( the man’s name) to draw his self portrait on the right side. So he did it. He also added his age – 58 

😁

Later on I met Donna, a receptionist of the hotel, who vouchsafed me with a couple of phrases.
Here you are.
1. I’m goin’ down to the chip oil. ( = I’m going down to the chip shop
It’s a proper Yorkshire phrase. A chip shop is a shop where you can buy snacks of all sorts. Why the word “shop” was replaced with the word “oil” I hadn’t got an idea so hadn’t Donna.

One evening I had a meal in a local Rotherham restaurant Fish & Chips as a friend of mine had visited it too. I’d taken an advantage to ask her for some essential Yorkshire expressions. She took some time but no phrases came out. Then she placed a call to a friend of hers who, it was a genuine Yorkshire man, dictated her some. So here we go with one more set of phrases.
1. Hi up Duck! = Hi, mate. 
2. A lass / a: las/ = Our lass = My wife. (e. g. My wife is cooking now) 
3. I’m parched = I’m thirsty 
4. I’m peckish = I’m a bit hungry. 
5. Eee by gum. = What a surprise!
6. Ge or/ Gi or / gi o:/ = Don’t be annoying Or: Stop talking. 
7. Sling your hook – it’s a polite way to say “go away”  For more references see here
9. Where ‘as tha bin? = Where have you been? 
10. I’ll go to the foot of our stairs. – somebody saying that believes the short walk would help recover equanimity after they were surprised or amazed. (
*I don’t know the way of its penetration into Yorkshire man’ s vocabulary since it was originated in Birmingham, the Midlands. Probably, from literature, according to this article )
11. Didar. –
This is how Rotherham people call Sheffiedians. 
From the Urban dictionary : “DIDAR is a guy who is super annoying. He will flirt with all the girls in your class, and make each one feel special and put cooties in stuff. Avoid at all costs. Except, if you are the one he doesn’t give cooties to, then he might like you.”

On a bus running to Todwick, Sheffield.

One day, in the afternoon I caught a bus to go to the borough of Todwick, Sheffield to buy some books. On the bus I met a lady from Dinnighton. Joan, a fabulously agreeable lady kindly shared some common phrases with me accenting my attention on their spelling directly connected with the Northern melody of speech.

1. A tha or rate? ( = Are you alright?)
2. Dus tha wont a slice of bread? ( = Do you want a slice of bread? )
3. Has tha had bAby [bæbi] yet? ( = Have you had a baby [beibi] yet )

Two days earlier than I left for Moscow.

Two days before leaving for Moscow I met two boys. They said to me that they rarely spoke Yorkshire as the education system is now angled at the Queen’s English as to the RP pronunciation. However, as long as we talked a while they introduced some phrases. I won’t share all since most of them repeat some of the previously mentioned greetings. But a couple of words had struck me by surprise as I didn’t know some new meanings of those I’d always known before. I thought I would share them with you.
For example, the noun mush is known as an unpleasant thick soft substance or when you express your emotions as to wit “a mush film
But a boy from Doncaster said that it was just to say my friend.
In addition, if someone wants to say that a female counterpart is looking unattractive, they just say dog. Unbelievable!

Another way to say let’s meet is let’s link. It sounds a bit digital, doesn’t it?

Also, fairs (Short for Fair dos ) means alright in sense of reasonable. “It’s my turn now!!”. “Well, fairs”

Afterwards


This is perhaps the last part of my short trip to Rotherham.
I’m happy that I’ve purchased all I needed this time, I mean books, and also because I was vouchsafed by those who shared some special phrases with me, not that many though. I’m surprised that few people even among the elderly remember identical Yorkshire expressions. Of all canvassed they merely introduced phrases related to greetings in various ways. Or, perhaps I might have had to itemise my idea clearer. Ok, I will do it next time. 

On October 30th, going by tram train to Meadowhall halt, I recalled a wonderful Yorkshire idiom You get ‘owt for nowt that is translated into standard English as to You don’t get anything for nothing, which is so true.

If any of you know some identical Yorkshire expressions coupled with their exquisite spelling, please share it with me and others who is happy to take time reading my post, which would be greatly appreciated. Leave your comments below.

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A New Adventure Is Due.

Horse & Jockey, painting by Irini Indjibeli, Oil, canvas, 2017

Colour me an avid explorer of English. I therefore prefer travelling to Yorkshire to staying in London. Well, London is a wonderful place to visit its famous attractions, but not to pick up natural accents. Yorkshire, on the contrary, offers both fantastic historical places to visit to and the opportunity of meeting locals and talking with them, and enjoying their Yorkshire twang so nicely flowing to my ears. Especially, if you’ve got sheer chance of travelling there as often as you like.

So, last night I consulted my pillow to know how to behave while in Yorkshire. As a result, this morning I cast the economy to wind and bought two lovely paper notebooks and a small sketchbook. Was I too extravagant?


I will collect local sayings, proverbs and other phrases pertaining to local dialects of Rotherham, Sheffield and other neighbour towns and villages which I’ll be able to visit. I will interview as many people as I can.

I’m setting off on October 23d. So, please, wish me good luck. Your comments are very welcome as well.

To a Tee

The mind-map has been by me

The other day , when I was reading some article, my eyes alighted upon a small word 𝙩𝙚𝙚 that later came to me in the various ways of its definitions. It didn’t occur to me that the word itself is not a word at all but the sound we produce when pronouncing Letter ‘T’ [ti:]

☺

I found all possible definitions with earthly examples of sentences containing this wordie, you’ll find on my mind-map. The list of them also includes the connection with the name of cotton shirts , to wit T-shirts, which merely can be shortened to one letter ‘T’. E.g. like the heading of a TheGuardian article ‘Down to a vintage tee: pulling on a piece of history’ where ‘t’ stands for ‘T-shirt”
One thing I want to underline is that the value of my ‘research’ finding is that there exists an interesting idiom ( perhaps, one that relates to modern times).
The phrase in frame is 𝐓𝐨 𝐚 𝐭𝐞𝐞. It is of one of a British informal expressions meaning 𝐏𝐞𝐫𝐟𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐥𝐲, 𝐂𝐨𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞𝐭𝐞𝐥𝐲.
Sometimes, for emphasis, one can add ‘off’ or ‘down’ before this adverbial phrase. Notice, the phrase stands for an adverb. It’s not an adjective, although it can modify anything in a sentence. 

Some dictionaries offer both strong and weak synonyms. 

For instance, the strong ones are as follows:
• 𝙘𝙚𝙧𝙩𝙖𝙞𝙣𝙡𝙮
• 𝙚𝙖𝙨𝙞𝙡𝙮
• 𝙚𝙢𝙥𝙝𝙖𝙩𝙞𝙘𝙖𝙡𝙡𝙮 
• 𝙛𝙞𝙧𝙢𝙡𝙮
• 𝙪𝙣𝙙𝙤𝙪𝙗𝙩𝙚𝙙𝙡𝙮

The weaker ones are here:
• 𝐧𝐨 𝐢𝐟𝐬, 𝐚𝐧𝐝𝐬 𝐨𝐫 𝐛𝐮𝐭𝐬
• 𝐧𝐨 𝐤𝐢𝐜𝐤𝐞𝐫
• 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐭𝐢𝐜𝐤𝐞𝐭 
• 𝐧𝐨 𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐬 𝐚𝐭𝐭𝐚𝐜𝐡𝐞𝐝
• 𝐢𝐧𝐝𝐮𝐛𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐲 
• 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐚 𝐟𝐚𝐜𝐭
• 𝐟𝐥𝐚𝐭
• 𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐠𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐲

Here are a score of my own sentence-instances. I didn’t include them in the mind-map for I couldn’t be sure they would sound natural to native speakers’ ears.

Here we go with some examples:

1. I suppose you can submit your essay for some expert consideration because it doesn’t look off to a tee. I’ll be surprised if there are no slips in it. 
2. Uncertainty could bring the onset of anxiety down to a tee and further mental disorders if you didn’t stop tethering over the situation.
3. I thought that cut and dried lessons fitted in my schedule off to a tee, but I was wrong. I turned out to be very boring. 
4. I settled our meeting to a tee. It lasted only about 5 minutes. 
5. I can confirm our appointment time to a tee. 
6. I hazard a guess, that once learned French you will land a good a job just to a tee.
7. The actors have performed their roles to a tee, which is really appreciated by the director of the play.

References:
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/tee
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/tee
https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/to+a+tee
https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2020/apr/05/down-..

Will Thee Forget Me Not?

Forget -me -nots, The photo’s been taken by me.

Will Thee Forget Me Not?

It’s come to me like something out of the blue
Bam-Dam, Dam-Dam, Bam-Bam, Dam-Dam
With rain and no prevailing mood . 
But this, I promise thee I’ll overcome, 
Will help appreciate reality, I should. .
This time, despite the bleeding heart,
I cherish mins in seventh heaven.
For time that’s quickly flown.
It’s nearly counted by seven. 
I’ve summoned a carrier pigeon 
To send something to those in love —
My flowers for Turtledove, 
For thee – my wishing note.

Will Thee Forget Me Not?



Written by me, today.

NATURE

It’s not only natural for Nature 
To mitigate the risk of venture
When starting everything from scratch
Removing colours from the canvas, 
Remaining still with birds in touch,
And sending sun-rays on the grasses, 

But also she does play adventures 
To exercise all creatures’ passion.

IRINI, May 15th 

The Dog

I took this photo last night in my house.

I got a bit panicked about my dog last night.

At midnight it was sleeping downstairs, but then later on from the upstairs I heard him drunk some water and go again to his place. Some minutes later I heard him hiccup several times, really hard. I went downstairs and saw him lie on the floor instead of his ‘bed’. I’d stroked his nose with the tips of my fingers – it was too hot. I thought he might have caught a bad bug while we had hour daily constitutional and, therefore, might have felt unwell.

This shot was taken earlier that day

Horrible indeed. I offered him water but he point-blank refused to drink. So, the panic’d held over me. Somehow I’d managed to get him to go outside with me. In the garden he’d done all his deeds. On returning home, I turned the heater off downstairs and left the window open on the hook to cool the air in the room. The dog went to his place and felt fast asleep.
The problem had gone.

My ridgeback

Spring

I can’t wait for the bushes and trees’ buds to unfurl, and grass to grow on the earth. This spring is kind of lengthy lingering. With chilly nights uncommon at this spell of time, the juice of trees is circulating unhurriedly. 

But now I’ve spotted some shades of arousing them from sleep – and it won’t, hopefully, be too long before trees and shrubs have blossomed in my garden. Then I can plant out the sprouts of tomatoes, seeds of cucumbers, pumpkins, and salads of some kinds.

At six o’clock I was having a lovely promenade in the woodland. The weather gladdened me with pleasant 12 degrees of warmth.

An Alternative Method

Hello everyone,

Here are some of my thoughts upon training writing skills. Probably, this article will cause a big controversy. By this, I’ll be glad to welcome comments on the following idea.

So, here we go.

I always thought I should have employed my mother tongue but in lieu of it scrupulously heeded some advice from kind of experts about writing practice that a learner of English shouldn’t use Russian while poring over ideas for an English academic essay.

How wrong I was, for which I definitely delayed some progress in developing my writing skills by as much as three or four years. 

At the time, I should have said to myself, ‘ Don’t follow anyone but listen to reason from yourself and act the way that’s suitable to you ’. Unfortunately, I did not. 

I’ve been ‘exploring’ English since the latter part of 2013. By 2015 I’d reached a low intermediate level, which meant that I’d gained a well large vocabulary but it didn’t betoken any excellency or knowledge in structures, or the right use of language. It had resulted in what I call difficulties expressing my thoughts in written English, especially when it came to penning up an academic essay.

To the same point, some transitional phrases are used wrongly by many students. It happens because they are advised against the use of Russian while making a draft. 

The matter is that using your mother tongue while crafting an essay, being at intermediate levels of knowledge of English, is utterly important, to say more — useful or even beneficial.

Arguably, the most important part of writing an impressive essay is knowing what to write. As the saying goes, ‘One cannot hit a target one does not see’.

Here is an idea of mine and

How It Works

I reckon nobody would deny that a native language sustains people to express thoughts with no tense or obstructions. Thus, you’re expected to make a draft of an essay with pleasure using the language you were born with. Believe you me, it wouldn’t take you more than 15 minutes to jot down the thoughts to match a 260 word limit. Next step is revising the text on reducing and easing some figures of speech. You need it to make it smoother for further translation into English and a good readability. That’s true that Russians are keen on decorating sentences with impressive indirect forms. Perhaps, the British indulge in such ways too, but rather in literature of various sorts. But the story is about an academic piece of writing. Your abstract should meet standards and be of a clear, logical, concise, besides conveying, and well structured text. Moving on, after having made some tweaks in the Russian text, give it a once-over. Now it’s time you interpreted your draft into English. Why I say “interpret” is due to features of English structures. You need to paraphrase some of your extracts to adjust them to the required forms. I suggest you ‘drill’ yourself this way until you feel that you’re able to write in English without notes in Russian. 10-15 essays will do.

Afterwords

Although this practice was applied successfully by some of my pupils, by no means I am advising everyone to follow suit what I’ve suggested above. It is only my experience. Listen to your reason.

Your commenting is greatly appreciated.

Cheers, in advance

Lockdown in Moscow

The authorities have prolonged the lockdown till April 30 in Moscow and its region. I am all for it. I find it reckless as minimum and culpable as maximum when people ignore warnings and breach new pandemic laws and restrictions.

The participants of The Vernissage on Krymskaya Embankment (Moscow) have been put on furlough till better times. We don’t know when the art venue opens again.
Speaking from my ow experience of a freelance painter, most artists have always tried to make ends meet and belonged to the most unpredictable sector of business since bread was sliced. Now, our life have been upended. 

This photograph was taken long before coronavirus had reclaimed Huan

LOCKDOWN

Painting by Irini Indjibeli, just me .

The Mayor of Moscow has ordered the Yakimanka Council close the open air art venue of Moscow living artists on Krymskaya Embankment. The lockdown will have lasted till April 14.

Although Muscovites over 65 year old have been declared stay isolated, I’m not out of kilter as I’m still alive and kicking and, by fact, haven’t got on for that particular age yet. 

Meantime, authorities are poring over more measures to put in place. In the Kremlin, there has been a conference about setting up further impediments against the virus’ spreading. Next week has been announced a seven day leave but to be safely paid.

Photo, taken by me

Yesterday I visited a 17 year old learner, in a sleeping district.

this photo was taken yesterday by me

I used the ground metro lines with one change to the underground to get to her. The passengers’ flow has after all lowered to a 50% average daily transportation. All these speak volumes and can be understood.

Following Fashion trends is a waste of time and money

Artist IRINI Indjibeli.

Every day, we see advertisings of new trends of clothes on TV, on the Internet, in magazines and even in the streets. Nowadays, trusting adverts, many people squander huge money to pursue new styles.

In my judgment, those who follow new trends, waste their time and money. In the first place, the latest fashions are not always comfortable to wear. Some individuals buy new styles without thinking of whether the outfit is suitable or comfy. Arguably, it is the fashion that dictates what wear they should sport, and not their own preferences that could inform their choice. Secondly, new tendencies frequently replace one another. Thus, people who want to look always stylish, constantly have to buy something new, which leads to cluttering their wardrobes with unnecessary old things. As a result, they spend more and more money. 

However, some people state that fashionable things are the necessary attribute of every respectful person. They say that a stylish appearance is a passport to success in society.  

I cannot share the previous view. I am convinced that not only appearance upholds respectability, but also the intellectual potential of a person counts the lion’s share of making a good impression on others. It appears more reasonable to contribute extra money to education. As the saying goes, ‘Do not judge a book by its cover’. 

In conclusion, I believe that following latest styles is unnecessary spending money as design clothes can be uncomfortable and expensive. In lieu of it, contributing to self-development seems more sensible than spending money and time pursuing fashions. 

IRINI, 24.03.2020

MUDDLED

Weekend Writing Prompt by #Sammi Cox

Italians are sending their deepest frustration upon the muddle-headed EU. Nobody will help but Russia

16 words, Written by IRINI for Weekend Writing Prompt #149

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